History of Bhubaneswar.

In the 7th century, Somavamshi or Keshari dynasty established their kingdom in the area, and constructed a number of temples. After the Kesharis, the Eastern Gangas ruled Kalinga area until the 14th century CE. Their capital Kalinganagara was located in present-day Bhubaneswar City. After them, Mukunda Deva of the Bhoi dynasty – the last Hindu ruler of the area until the Marathas – developed several religious buildings in the area. Most of the older temples in Bhubaneswar were built between 8th and 12th centuries, under Shaiva influence. The Ananta Vasudeva Temple is the only old temple of Vishnu in the city.[19] In 1568, the Karrani dynasty of Afghan origin gained control of the area. During their reign, most of the temples and other structures were destroyed or disfigured. In the 16th century, the area came under pachamani Mughal control. The Marathas, who succeeded the Mughals in the mid-18th century, encouraged pilgrimage in the region. In 1803, the area came under British colonial rule, and was part of the Bengal Presidency (until 1912), Bihar and Orissa Province (1912-1936) and Orissa Province (1936-1947).[17] The capital of the British-ruled Orissa Province was Cuttack, which was vulnerabile to floods and suffered from space constraints. Because of this, on 30 September 1946, a proposal to move the capital to a new capital was introduced in the Legislative Assembly of the Odisha Province. After independence of India, the foundation of the new capital was laid by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 April 1948. The name of the new capital came from "Tribhubaneswara" or "Bhubaneswara" (literally "Lord of the Earth"), a name of Shiva, the deity of the Lingaraja temple.[16] The Legislative Assembly of Odisha was shifted from Cuttack to Bhubaneswar in 1949.[17] Bhubaneswar was built as a modern city, designed by German architect Otto Königsberger with wide roads, gardens and parks.[20] Though part of the city followed the plan, it grew rapidly over the next few decades, outstripping the planning process.[21] According to the first census of independent India, taken in 1951, the city's population was just 16,512. From 1952 to 1979, it was administered by a Notified Area Council or a nagar panchayat; a municipality was established only on 12 March 1979. By the 1991 census, the population of Bhubaneswar had increased to 411,542. Accordingly, on 14 August 1994, the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation was established.[17]


6 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All

ଭୁବନେଶ୍ୱର ୨୬/୧:- ଆସ ପଢ଼ାଇବା ର ରାଜ୍ୟ ଶାଖାରେ ଆଜି ଗଣତନ୍ତ୍ର ଦିବସ ରେ ପତାକା ଉତ୍ତୋଳନ କରାଯାଇଥିଲା। ପତାକା ଉତ୍ତୋଳନ କରିଥିଲେ ଆସ ପଢ଼ାଇବା ର ଉପଦେଷ୍ଟା ଶ୍ରୀ ପ୍ରବୀର ମହାନ୍ତି । ଏହି ସଭା ରେ ଅନ୍ୟ ମାନଙ୍କ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ଥିଲେ ମୋ

ଭୁବନେଶ୍ୱର ୨/୧:- ଆସ ପଢ଼ାଇବା ର ସାଥି ସମ୍ମିଳନୀ ଅନୁଷ୍ଠିତ ହୋଇଯାଇଅଛି। ଏହା ଆଭାସ ମାଧ୍ୟମରେ ଅନୁଷ୍ଟିତ ହୋଇଥିଲା। ଏଥିରେ ସଭାପତିତ୍ବ କରିଥିଲେ ଆସ ପଢ଼ାଇବା ର ରାଜ୍ୟ ଆବାହକ ପ୍ରତ୍ୟୟ ପ୍ରଶାନ୍ତ ଏଵଂ ଅତିଥି ଭାବରେ ଯୋଗଦେଇଥିଲେ ପ୍ରଶାସକ

ଭୁବନେଶ୍ବର ୨୮-୧୨/ଆଜି ବିଜେଡି ସାଂସ୍କୃତିକ ସମନ୍ଵୟ ସାମୁଖ୍ୟ ପକ୍ଷରୁ ଭକ୍ତ କବି ମଧୁସୁଦନ ରାଓ ଙ୍କର ୧୦୯ ତମ ତିରୋଧାନ ଦିବସ ରାଜଧାନୀସ୍ଥିତ ରୂପାଲି ଛକ ଠାରେ ଥିବା ପ୍ରତିମୂର୍ତ୍ତି ନିକଟରେ ପାଳନ କରାଯାଇଅଛି।ଉକ୍ତ ସଭାରେ ପ୍ରଥମେ ପ୍ରତିମ